Chromium (as Polynicotinate)

Amongst the entire trace element grouping, chromium may be the most popular and widely used dietary mineral supplement. This may be due, in large part, to its use in the nutritional supplementation of individuals involved in strenuous exercises. First discovered in the late 1950's, this mineral has seen tremendous exposure during the past two decades in both the medical and non-medical community. Chromium benefits not only those persons looking for performance enhancement in physical activities, but also in the core factors that dictate our overall health and well being.

Chromium is considered and essential mineral in the human body. However, some 90 percent of humans have lowered or deficient chromium levels. In order to achieve proper daily intake we must first recognize the different forms of this significant mineral. Chromium is an exacting trace mineral that exists in two distinct forms: the trivalent and the hexavalent form. Higher organisms, such as humans, utilize the trivalent form of chromium (primarily obtained from whole food sources). Chromium was once thought of as a toxic mineral in higher organisms. We now know that it provides for many important biochemical processes, paramount to our survival.

This fundamental mineral is a component of the compound, “glucose tolerance factor” (GTF) in humans. GTF is critical for the maintenance of proper serum levels of blood glucose, or insulin metabolism, and its many diverse actions. GTF plays integral roles in the metabolism of other nutrients as well. Fatty-acids and carbohydrates are metabolized by this compound. GTF is also necessary for the activation of enzymes that aid in the digestion of various food sources, and in cholesterol synthesis, which results from daily food consumption.

Chromium is found in the highest concentrations in those organs that provide for metabolic activity. These include the liver, kidney, spleen and even bone tissue(s). Many medical practitioners label chromium as an “ultra” trace mineral because it is found in such diminutive concentrations throughout the body. The amount of chromium stored in the body is in direct correlation to one's diet. It is estimated that Americans store approximately 6 milligrams of chromium in various metabolic tissues.

Chromium is made available in numerous commercial forms. Most of the chromium not included in the diet is obtained from multi-vitamin and mineral supplements. The most available forms of chromium are;

  • Chromium chloride
  • Chromium nicotinate
  • Chromium-enriched yeasts
  • Chromium picolinate

Chromium picolinate stands atop the list of all commercially available forms of chromium. It is, by far, the most popular, absorbable, and publicized form.

Products Containing Chromium (as Polynicotinate)
Name Price Rating Serving Price # of Servings Manufacturer Health Condition
Balance Point for Men $29.95
$1.00 30 Progressive Health
Balance Point for Women $35.95
$1.20 30 Progressive Health
DymaBurn Xtreme $15.95
$0.32 50 Dymatize
Glucose M2 $26.95
$0.90 30 Progressive Health
Hydroxycut Instant Shot $4.49
$2.25 2 MuscleTech


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